Oral Interviews
Internet Resources
Journal Articles


Oral Interviews:

Beaubier, Helen. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. April 11, 2004.

Helen provides an interesting interview about what life was like as a war bride and mother of a small son during World War II, the stresses of living without her husband Bob while he was serving in England.

Beaubier, Robert. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. April 11, 2004.

Robert tells of life as a Seabee serving in England. He also provides an fascinating description of what wartime England looked like.

Geaudreau, Patricia (Brigham). Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. February 11, 2004.

Pat worked out a Galena Air Depot refitting carburetors for B-17s. She tells of what it was like to be a young woman experiencing her first taste of freedom.

McKlenny, Faith (Clark). Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. March 24, 2004.

Describes life as a young farm girl out in Deer Valley, working for her father in his sawmill business, and is very descriptive of life on the farm during the war.

Piper, William. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. April 12, 2004.

Describes what it was like to work for a gyppo logger in the essential lumber industry, as well as provides interesting and humorous stories about the building of Farragut Naval Station.

Rahder, Joanne. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. April 12, 2004.

Joanne describes the war through the eyes of a ten year old in Spokane. She relates stories of watching many sailors and soldiers come to her home to visit her sister, as well as her experiences of scrap metal drives.

Rahder, Henry. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. April 12, 2004.

Provides a glimpse of life outside Missoula, Montana for a young man on the farm, as well as what it was like having German, Italian, and Japanese internees working on his fathers farm. His descriptions of Missoula are very similar to the experiences of those in the Pend Oreille Valley.

Rednour, Norma (Schirmer). Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. January 20, 2004.

Norma offers a look into the world of the telephone operator and young war bride in Newport and Spokane during the war. Her descriptions of life in Newport during rationing and when the German and Italian prisoners of war were brought into town are fascinating. She also serves as the voice of her first husband who was a mechanic in Alaska.

Rednour, Robert. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Usk, Washington. January 14, 2004.

Robert gives a look into what it was like to be deferred in favor of the war effort, and as such provides a fascinating look into life in the Pend Oreille Valley, as well as interesting descriptions of rationing and the prisoners of war that were housed across the river from his home.

Reed Evelyn (Easley). Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. March 10, 2004.

A very touching interview from a young woman that worked out at Galena, was part of a group of young women that would meet the troop trains that came through town, and that knew William Heath, one of the boys killed in action from Newport.

Schwab, Dory (Kliewer). Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. December 1, 2003.

As a young woman in Newport during the war, Dory too offers a look into what it was like to live without during rationing, and all the fun that was to be had with the sailors from Farragut.

Schwab, Ted. Interviewed by Kristen Cornelis. Newport, Washington. December 1, 2003.

Ted served as a Seabee in the South Pacific as well as Alaska, and provides a glimpse of what wartime Australia was like, and what it was like to ride in a PT boat and a P-38.

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The Newport Miner. December 1941 - December 1945.

The editions from December 1941 to December of 1945 provide a valuable resource into what was going on in the Pend Oreille Valley during World War II. It includes a glimpse as to what the popular culture, politics, and local news of the time was. Especially interesting are the wartime rationing reminders and each small community's weekly gossip columns.

The Spokesman Review. December 1941 - December 1945.

Various editions throughout the war provided the coverage of the war for all of the communities in the Inland Northwest.

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Internet Resources:

Love, Marianne. "Sailors Ahoy!: Fifty Years Ago This Year, an Era Ended at Farragut Naval Station, Idaho's Inland Naval Base." (accessed February 10, 2004).

This article describes the Farragut Naval Station during its heyday when sailors were sent here for training.

"A People At War." (accessed January 12, 2004).

This Library of Congress site provides general information and stories about America during World War II.

"The German Prisoners of World War 2." (accessed January 3, 2004).

This German website offers a glimpse into life at Camp Farragut for German prisoners of war, through the eyes of one of the prisoners held there, the camp newspaper, and photographs.

"Historic Government Publications from World War II - SMU." (accessed December 19, 2004).

An amazing collection, easily accessed via .pdf form of government publications from the World War II era.

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Journal Articles:

Blackburn, Marc K. "Balloon Bombs and Submarines." Columbia, The Magazine of Northwest History. (Winter 1994-1995): 6-13.

Provides examples of the ways that Japan tried to bring the war to the people of the American homeland after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Fahey, John. "Reminiscence: John Fahey on 'Reeducating' German Prisoners During World War II." Oregon Historical Quarterly. 93 (1993): 368-393.

Fahey provides his experiences with German prisoners at Camp White while the government was trying to "reeducate" them.

Jeansonne, Glen. "America's Home Front." History Today. 45 (1995): 20-27.

Describes the American home front during World War II, from every aspect, popular culture, industry, the experiences of women, and the experiences of America's minorities.

Littoff, Judy Barrett and Smith, David C. "U.S. Women on the Home Front in World War II." The Historian: A Journal of History. 57 (1995): 349-360.

Describes the lives of American women on the home front during the war, through their letters.

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Alling, Charles. A Mighty Fortress: Lead Bomber Over Europe. Casemate Publishers. 2002.

This gripping personal account of life on a B-17 captures the enormity of the 8th Air Force bombing campaign against Germany.

Ambrose, Stephen. Band of Brothers: E Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne From Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest. New York: Simon & Schuster. 2001.

This fascinating book follows Easy Company of the 101st Airborne from its training to the end of World War II. This book provides a glimpse of what it was like for a soldier of the famed 101st during the war of its inception.

Ambrose, Stephen. Citizen Soldiers: The US Army From the Normandy Beaches to the Bulge to the Surrender of Germany, June 7, 1944 - May 7, 1945. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1997.

A biography of the U.S. Army in the European Theater of Operations, June 7, 1944 to May 7, 1945. Allied citizen soldiers overcame their fears and inexperience, the mistakes of the high command, and the enemy to win the war.

Ambrose, Stephen. D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climatic Battle of World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster. 1994.

This book tells the battle story of the invasion of Normandy, based on information from the British, the Americans, the Canadians, and the Germans, as well as from government and private archives. A riveting book written by an author that made the Normandy invasion his life's work.

Bicheno, Hugh. Midway. Sterling Publishing Company, Incorporated. 2002.

An authoritative account of the battle that turned the tide in the Pacific.

Bradley, James and Powers, Ron. Flags of Our Fathers. New York: Bantam Books. 2000.

Describes the struggles and triumphs of the men in the most famous photograph of World War II, the raising of the American flag over Iwo Jima. Written by the son of one of the flag-raisers, it offers an insider's view to what the men went through before, during, and after the flag-raising.

Bradley, Omar. A Soldier's Story. New York: Henry Holt & Company, Inc. 1951.

Written by Omar Bradley, he attempts to explain how and why things were done as they were in World War II.

Brokaw, Tom. An Album of Memories: Personal Histories of the Greatest Generation. New York: Random House. 2001.

This book provides personal histories of the men, women, sons, and daughters of the Greatest Generation, in response to Brokaw's book, The Greatest Generation.

Brokaw, Tom. The Greatest Generation. New York: Random House. 1998.

The book tells the stories of the men and women that came of age during the Great Depression and World War II. Through their stories the reader can relive how these extraordinary times forged the values and provided the training that made a people and a nation great.

Brokaw, Tom. The Greatest Generation Speaks: Letters and Reflections. New York: Random House. 1999.

A follow-up to The Greatest Generation. The letters contained within include many more stories of heroism, sacrifice, duty and honor, and accomplishment, from the people of the Greatest Generation and their children or grandchildren.

Broughton, Irv. Forever Remembered: The Fliers of WWII. Spokane: Eastern Washington University Press. 2001.

In this gripping collection of interviews, pilots of World War II speak frankly about their experiences during the war. In recording the stories of this rapidly dwindling generation, Broughton has preserved the oral narratives of these veterans, probably the last to be so united in a single cause.

Caraccilo, Dominic J., ed. Surviving Bataan and Beyond: Colonel Irvin Alexander's Odyssey as a Japanese Prisoner of War. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books. 1999.

Colonel Irwin Alexander, one of the unfortunate prisoners of the Bataan Death March, recounts his harrowing experience as a captive of the Japanese in this never-before-published memoir.

Coates, K.S. and Morrison, W.R. The Alaska Highway in World War II: The US Army of Occupation in Canada's Northwest. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1992.

Corum, James S. The Luftwaffe: Creating the Operational Air War, 1918-1940. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 1997.

Provides a complete and accurate account of the evolution of German military aviation theory, doctrine, war games, and operations between the two world wars.

Cowley, Robert, ed. No End Save Victory: Perspectives on World War II. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 2001.

In forty-five essays, complemented by twenty maps, historians describe the horror and heroism that defined a generation.

Davis, Kenneth S. FDR: The War President, 1940-1943, A History. New York: Random House. 2000.

The final installment of the late historian Davis' biography of Franklin Roosevelt spans the nation's most tumultuous period, with one man, Roosevelt, playing the central role: savior at home and liberator abroad. Davis' narrative embraces virtually every domestic and international issue to confront the administration into December 1942. This biography recalls a legacy that arguably overshadows that of every other twentieth-century president.

Gamboa, Erasmo. Mexican Labor and World War II: Braceros in the Pacific Northwest, 1942-1947. Austin: University of Texas Press. 1990.

A description of the Bracero Program that was in place during World War II, a program that brought Mexican agricultural workers to the Pacific Northwest to ease the labor shortage. The author examines in detail what the program entailed, and what the braceros went through in the program.

Greene, Bob. Once Upon a Town: The Miracle of the North Platte Canteen. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, Inc. 2002.

A poignant and heartwarming eyewitness history, based on interviews with North Platte residents and the soldiers and sailors who once passed through the North Platte Canteen on their way to war.

Greene, Joshua M. and Kumar, Shiva, eds. Witness: Voices from the Holocaust. New York: Random House. 2000.

Tells the story of the Holocaust through the first person accounts of 27 witnesses, including Jews, Gentiles, Americans, a member of the Hitler Youth, a Jesuit Priest, resistance fighters, and child survivors.

Hillary, Richard. The Last Enemy: The Memoir of a Spitfire Pilot. Short Hills, New Jersey: Burford Books, Inc. 1942.

Recounts Richard Hillary's training as a Spitfire pilot and his participation in the Battle of Britain. Horribly injured when his plane is hit, he lived to tell this story and that of his agonizing, heroic recuperation.

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Irwin, John. Another River, Another Town: A Teenage Tank Gunner Comes of Age in Combat - 1945. 2002.

The story of the final furious days of World War II from the point of view of a young American tank gunner.

Kesselman, Amy. Fleeting Opportunities: Women Shipyard Workers in Portland and Vancouver during World War II and Reconversion. State University of New York Press. 1990.

Examines the struggle of women workers against the occupational segregation, the sexual and racial hierarchy, and the constant emphasis on female sexuality in the wartime shipyards of the Northwest. Also traces their exclusion from the job market when the war ended. Especially interesting are the interviews with the women that were part of the "Rosie the Riveter" generation.

Klemperer, Victor. I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years, 1942-1945. New York: Random House. 1999.

Victor Klemperer's diary of life in Dresden, Germany for a Jew during World War II, beginning in 1942, the year of the Final Solution, through 1945. Klemperer describes the daily struggle to survive while many around him did not.

Krammer, Arnold. Nazi Prisoners in America. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 1979.

Tells the full story of how the United States government, between 1942 and 1945 detained nearly one half million Nazi prisoners of war in 511 camps across the country. Krammer describes how America's handling of these prisoners led to the hasty conversion of CCC camps, high school gyms, local fairgrounds, and race tracks to serve as holding areas.

Lewis, Adrian R. Omaha Beach: A Flawed Victory. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 2001.

A penetrating analysis of Allied planning leading up to the assault on the Normandy beaches.

Linderman, Gerald, F. The World Within War: America's Combat Experience in World War II. New York: The Free Press. 1997.

Drawing on a host of sources, Linderman creates a vivid mosaic depicting how U.S. soldiers and marines dealt with the hard roles they played in bloody campaigns in arenas ranging from Guadalcanal, North Africa, and the Rhineland through Iwo Jima.

Mauldin, Bill. Up Front. New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc. 1945.

Told by Bill Mauldin, in words as well as pictures of what he saw in World War II, specifically through his eyes and the "Willie and Joe" drawings that were famous during World War II.

Nash, Gerald. The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second World War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1985.

Describes the West as it was being raised from a colonial status during World War II.

Overy, Richard. Why The Allies Won. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 1998.

In Overy's incisive analysis, we see exactly how the Allies regained military superiority and why they were able to do it.

Pyle, Ernie. Brave Men. New York: Henry Holt and Company, Inc. 1943.

This book is based on the complete and full texts of Ernie Pyle's dispatches from July 1943 to the liberation of Paris, and contains the stories of the men that fought in the European Theater of Operations.

Sanger, S.L. and Wollner, Craig. Working on the Bomb: An Oral History of World War II Hanford. Portland: Continuing Education Press, Portland State University. 1995.

The story of Hanford told through the words of the people who were there. The human stories behind the pivotal role Hanford played in the success of the Manhattan Project and the overall war effort are relayed through archival photographs and first-hand accounts.

Sides, Hampton. Ghost Soldiers: The Forgotten Epic Story of World War II's Most Dramatic Mission. New York: Doubleday. 2001.

Tells the story behind the Bataan Death March and the realities of survival in a Japanese prison camp. The story is told around the daring rescue mission undertaken by the U.S. Army's 6th Ranger Battalion, to rescue 513 prisoners of war from Camp Cabanatuan in the Philippines.

Sloan, Bill. Given Up for Dead: America's Heroic Stand at Wake Island. New York: Bantam Books. 2003.

An amazing narrative of the first battle of World War II, for the small island of Wake. Especially interesting is that some of Pend Oreille Valley's own worked for the construction company on Wake and were taken prisoner by the Japanese when the island fell.

Smith, Rex Alan and Meehl, Gerald A. Pacific Legacy: Image and Memory From World War II in the Pacific. New York: Abbeville Press. 2002.

A history of the Pacific war featuring photographs of surviving war relics on Pacific islands, archival photographs, and accounts of men who were there.

Taffe, Stephen R. MacArthur's Jungle War: The 1944 New Guinea Campaign. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 1998.

Offers an analytical treatment of the New Guinea campaign. The book provides a clearer understanding of America's Pacific war strategy and shows that the New Guinea offensive was not a mere backwater affair but a critical part of the war against Japan.

Tamura, Linda. The Hood River Issei: An Oral History of Japanese Settlers in Oregon's Hood River Valley. Chicago: University of Illinois Press. 1993.

This is a compelling story that captures the recollections of early life in Japan, immigration to and settlement in the United States, and the hardships they experienced during World War II, through oral histories of the Japanese that settled in Oregon's Hood River Valley.

Webber, Bert. Retaliation: Japanese Attacks and Allied Countermeasures on the Pacific Coast in World War II. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press. 1975.

Describes the ways the Japanese attacked the West Coast during World War II, and the steps undertaken to protect the citizens of the Pacific Northwest.

Wels, Susan. December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor: America's Darkest Day. San Diego: Tehabi Books. 2001.

The book provides a background of the initial days of World War II, the dramatic events of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and the enduring legacy of the wartime disaster. The book features over 200 archival photographs from Japanese and American sources, artifacts, and full-color battle maps and diagrams.

Wright, Derrick. The Battle for Iwo Jima, 1945. Phoenix Mill, Great Britain: Sutton Publishing, Ltd. 1999.

A meticulously researched history that draws on the unique letters, photographs, and drawings by General Kuribayashi and is supported by many other eyewitness accounts. The book is highly illustrated and contains over 80 photographs, maps showing defensive locations and progress of the battle.

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Copyright © 2004 by Kristen Cornelis